Black efflorescence on the ceiling is a sight no one wants to see. And if, in addition to mold on the ceiling, we feel bad, have trouble breathing or feel tired, it is a sign that the fungus problem is serious.
Mold and mildew – what is the difference between them?
In everyday speech, these two terms are used interchangeably. But for a professional who needs to know what specifically they are dealing with in order to counteract the problem, the difference is significant.
Mold attacks a given surface without penetrating deep into the wall or ceiling. It therefore poses no threat to either the health of the occupant or the durability of the building. Mold, on the other hand, is a much more serious problem. It creates thread-like growths, which nest inside the wall, causing its destruction. The spread and growth of fungus leads to permanent corrosion of the building structure. It emits an unpleasant, musty odor and, worse, can be invisible to the eye.
Why is mould dangerous?
Apart from being a threat to the structure of the apartment, it is a health problem for people. Contact with mould can lead to a number of health problems: allergies, immune disorders, hormonal problems, diarrhoea and stomach pains, chronic fatigue, breathing problems, general well-being deterioration and, in the worst cases, cancer.
How does the fungus form?
The main culprit is moisture in the air. Water produced by common household fixtures such as showers and sinks condenses on the walls, which contributes to the formation of mold. Any leaks or flooding leads to dampness in the environment. This problem becomes especially intrusive in the winter, when low temperatures or cold airflow resulting from leaky windows are a breeding ground for mold. Unfortunately, fungus can grow on any surface, not just walls and wood, but fabric as well.
Also, moisture coming from outside can contribute to the growth of growth on our walls. If the building we live in is old, chances are, its facade was not done well and water can leak deep into the walls from underneath the structure.
How do you combat mold?
For mold that does not take root in the walls, simply scrape it off the infected surface. Then dry the wet stain with warm air, for which even a regular dryer will be suitable. It is important to coat the cleaned area with a fungicide. You can find products for fungus and mold control at http://airok.pl.
Investigate what is causing the mold. Leaking plumbing that ends in a water leak should be repaired immediately.
If the fungus infestation is severe, scraping or scraping off plaster may be necessary. Contact a professional who can advise you on the next steps for dealing with mold and select the right product for the type of fungus you are dealing with. To find the right professional, search your browser for a term such as disinfection Warsaw is one of the cities where many such companies operate.
How to prevent fungus?
First of all, take care of good air circulation in the apartment. After taking a shower, leave the bathroom door open so that moisture does not collect on the walls. Ventilation should be cleaned regularly, and water and heating systems checked. Instead of emulsion paint, put a special fungicide smooth on the walls. In winter, make sure the building is heated and monitor from time to time to see if mould starts to grow in the colder corners of the house. A dehumidifier can be useful, but a high-quality device will cost you up to a thousand zlotys. So before you start overpaying, start by making sure the problem is not easily fixable.